learning k12
k to 12 curriculum in the PhilippinesWhat Is K to 12?

The K to 12 curriculum in the Philippines covers Kindergarten and 12 years of basic education. The program aims to provide sufficient time for mastery of concepts and skills, develop lifelong learners, and prepare graduates for tertiary education, middle-level skills development, employment, and entrepreneurship.

Basic education

Old and New Curriculum: What’s the Difference?Old and New Curriculum

K to 12 Program Guide

Students of K to 12 curriculum in the Philippines will learn numbers, alphabet, colors, and shapes. Learning will take place through dances, games, and songs and the medium of instruction is in the child’s mother tongue.

Grades 1 to 10
Students in Grades 1 to 10 of K to 12 curriculum in the Philippines will experience an enhanced, context-based, and spiral progression-learning curriculum with the following subjects:

  • Mother Tongue
  • Filipino
  • English
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Araling Panlipunan
  • Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao (EsP)
  • Music
  • Arts
  • Physical Education
  • Health
  • Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP)
  • Technology and Livehood Education (TLE)

Grades 11-12 (Senior High)
Core curriculum of K to 12 curriculum in the Philippines  will be taught, along with a Specific Track chosen by the student.

A. Core Curriculum
There are seven learning areas under the Core Curriculum:

  • Languages
  • Communication
  • Literature
  • Math
  • Natural Sciences
  • Philosophy
  • Social

Subjects include:

  • Oral communication
  • Reading and writing
  • Komunikasyon at Pananaliksik sa Wika at Kulturang Filipino
  • 21st Century Literature from the Philippines and the World
  • Contemporary Philippine Arts from the Regions
  • Media and Information Literacy
  • General Mathematics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Earth and Life Science
  • Physical Science
  • Introduction to Philosophy of the Human Person/Pambungad sa Pilosopiya ng Tao
  • Physical Education and Health
  • Personal Development/Pansariling Kaunlaran
  • Earth Science (instead of Earth and life science for those in the STEM strand)
  • Disaster Readiness and Risk Reduction (taken instead of Physical science for those in the STEM strand)

B. Specific Tracks

  • Academic Track
    • Business, Accountancy, Management (BAM)
    • Humanities, Education, Social Sciences (HESS)
    • Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics (STEM)
  • Technical-Vocational-Livelihood
  • Sports and Arts

Salient Features

  • Strengthening Early Childhood Education (Universal Kindergarten)
  • Making the Curriculum Relevant to Learners (Contextualization and Enhancement)
  • Ensuring Integrated and Seamless Learning (Spiral Progression)
  • Building Proficiency through Language (Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education)
  • Gearing Up for the Future (Senior High School)
  • Nurturing the Holistically Developed Filipino (College and Livelihood Readiness, let Century Skills)

Sources: Department of Education